Here’s an overview of the key questions and vocabulary students will tackle in the Middle School lessons. Search by keyword to find the perfect lesson for your class!
|Lesson Name||Key Questions||Key Vocab|
|Week 1: Water, Its Uses and Importance|
|1: Water Connections||How are connections important to learning and understanding?|
How do bodies of water connect?
What is the connection between surface water and ground water?
|drinking water, erosion, ground water, hydrologic cycle, lake, surface water, tributary, water quality|
|2: Water Expressions||How can people identify with water through written expressions or poetic quotes?|
What water words are associated with quotes and what emotions are evoked?
|conservation, ecosystem, pollution, quotations, watershed|
|3: Water Values||How much water is available for human consumption?|
How much is used during the day?
Are there ways that water can be conserved?
|conservation, consumption, finite|
|4: Water Power||What are the positive and negative impacts of dams on a community?|
What are names and locations of dams in Farmington River Watershed?
Why are dams built?
|dam, generator, hydroelectric power, impoundment, turbine|
|5: Water Underground||How do surface water and ground water interact?|
What happens if a pollutant enters the surface water?
From where does drinking water come?
|aquifer, impermeable, permeable, percolate, run-off|
|Week 2: The Farmington River Watershed|
|6: Water Ways||Where does the Farmington River flow?|
Where does the Farmington meet the Connecticut River?
|border, confluence, map, topography, tributary|
|7: Water Lines||How is a river formed?|
How do hills direct the flow of water?
|dam, flow, man-made, model, ridge lines, topography|
|8: Water Absorption||What is the difference between a pervious and an impervious surface?|
How does the type of surface in a watershed impact water quality?
|buffer zones, impervious, infiltration, orient, pervious, run-off|
|9: Riparian Banks||What do the riparian banks indicate about overall health of the river?|
What causes riparian banks to change?
What is the impact of the change(s)?
|10: Carrying Capacities||What is a reservoir and how is it used?|
What is the name of the largest reservoir in the Farmington River Watershed?
What are carrying capacities?
|Week 3: Watershed Ecosystems|
|11: Diversity Walk||Why is diversity important to an ecosystem?||biodiversity, preservation|
|12: Water Webs||What is a food web and a food chain?|
How are animals and plants interconnected in an ecosystem?
How can natural or man-made impacts affect the balance of an ecosystem?
|decomposer, food chain, food web, primary consumer, producer, secondary consumer, tertiary consumer, trophic levels|
|13: Riparian Explorer||What can be observed along the riparian banks?|
What do observations indicate about the health of the river?
What are some special adaptations of macroinvertebrates?
|adaptations, macroinvertebrate, observation, riparian bank|
|14: Water Finds||Why do we examine aquatic insects?|
Why are they important to determining the health of the stream?
What other observations about the stream indicate health?
|biotic index, identify, magnify, observation|
|15: Wetland Wonders||Why are wetlands important?|
How are wetlands identified?
What types of animals and plants live in wetlands?
|filter, saturate, sediments, wetland|
|Week 4: Going Back to the Past|
|16: Colonial Times||What did the settlers think of America when they arrived?|
How did settlers alter the landscape?
How has the land changed in modern times?
|17: Geology Formations||How has the watershed changed over the years?|
What geological formations provide clues to another time period?
|basalt, boulder, crust, fault, glacial, lava, Precambrian rock, ridge, talus slide|
|18: Water Threats||Why have salmon populations declined?|
Why is the Rainbow Dam fish ladder in Windsor important to the salmon?
What are Farmington River Watershed and DEP doing to help the salmon?
|alevin, anadromous, fish ladder, fry, incubating, pollutant, restoration|
|19: Farmington Canal||Why was the Farmington Canal important?|
What was its path?
How long did it take to build?
|20: Water Wheel||How did the Industrial period impact the river?|
What type of power was used?
|factory, industrialism, water wheel|
|Week 5: Pollution and Monitoring|
|21: Water Studies||How can streams and rivers be monitored?|
How can water characteristics, riparian banks and watershed habitats
indicate stream health?
|pool, riffle, run, velocity|
|22: Water Checks||What abiotic tests will indicate the health of a stream?|
What factors contribute to higher levels of dissolved oxygen in a stream?
Why is it important to monitor the stream?
|abiotic, acidic, alkaline, dissolved oxygen, pH level|
|23: Water Mystery||What is the difference between point source and non-point source pollution?|
What are possible sources of non-point source pollution?
What can be done to prevent pollution?
|acid rain, non-point source pollution, nutrient, pesticide, source point pollution|
|24: Turbid Tides||What is turbidity?|
Why are streams tested for turbidity?
What are causes of turbidity in a stream?
|erosion, penetrate, sediment, turbidity|
|25: Potential Polluters||What can cause pollution?|
What is the impact of pollution in a watershed?
What are ways to prevent or reduce pollution?
|Week 6: Water Protection and Conservation|
|26: Making the Connection||How is a river connected to other water bodies?|
How do upstream pollution events impact water quality downstream?
|27: Water Watchers||How can water be conserved?|
How can daily usage be reduced?
|28: Water Survey||How much water do I use?|
How much does my family use?
|29: Drought Dilemma||How can water be conserved in the event of shortages?||water tips|
|30: Water Actions||What are ways to help protect the watershed?||organization, involvement|